Sustainable clothing tag made by sustainable materials

Misleading eco-claims will always come out in the greenwash

The Competition and Markets Authority is toughening up on the use of vague sustainability claims in marketing

In the ever-evolving world of eco-conscious consumerism, deciphering the true meaning behind terms like “eco,” “green,” and “sustainable” can feel like solving a complex puzzle. The UK’s Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) has taken a bold step to clarify this confusion, insisting on precision and honesty from leading fashion retailers ASOS, Boohoo, and George at Asda. Their commitment to move from vague to specific environmental claims not only means their millions of customers can shop with greater confidence but is also a call to action for businesses to genuinely embody their green marketing. This push towards transparent communication is crucial as we navigate the complexities of net zero targets. The transition from broad, catchy eco-labels to clear, meaningful descriptors such as “organic” and “recycled” is a refreshing shift towards accountability in environmental stewardship. However, the path to this clarity hasn’t been straightforward for many companies.

For instance, in 2018, Kraft Heinz found itself grappling with unmet environmental goals despite launching an ambitious ESG platform. Its experiences underline a significant point: setbacks in sustainability efforts can serve as critical learning moments. Kraft Heinz’s journey from falling short on key environmental benchmarks to embedding ESG principles deeply into its corporate culture illustrates how public accountability can transform environmental laggards into leaders.

The narrative of ambitious but unmet net zero targets isn’t unique to Kraft Heinz. Giants like Amazon, Ikea, Nestlé, and Unilever have all faced challenges in aligning their sustainability claims with achievable outcomes. The reality that many of these household names might only achieve a fraction of their pledged carbon emissions cuts highlights a broader issue within corporate environmental strategies. Yet, these revelations, fuelled by external analysis and critique, are invaluable. They underscore the need for companies to set realistic, transparent sustainability goals and to reconsider reliance on carbon offsetting—a practice increasingly scrutinised for its effectiveness and integrity.

The CMA, which is also looking at green claims around household goods, has made it clear it might enforce new regulations, including the potential imposition of fines for greenwashing. Against this backdrop, the stakes for corporate environmental honesty have never been higher. This forthcoming regulatory landscape signals a decisive move towards ensuring that green claims are not just marketing fluff but are backed by tangible actions and progress.

As we pivot to a more sustainable future, the lessons learned from past greenwashing blunders are clear. Companies are finding that navigating the complexities of environmental sustainability requires not just lofty ambitions but also a commitment to transparency, realistic goal setting, and a willingness to adapt and learn from missteps. The journey of Kraft Heinz, from facing criticism to making ESG a cornerstone of its business strategy, exemplifies how companies can evolve their approach to sustainability, embedding it into every layer of their operations from the boardroom to the manufacturing floor.

In embracing these challenges, companies can transition from merely avoiding negative publicity to becoming genuine leaders in sustainability. This evolution is critical not just for their reputations but for the planet. As consumers become more environmentally savvy, the demand for authentic, substantiated green claims will only grow. Businesses that can demonstrate real progress towards their environmental goals will stand out, earning the trust and loyalty of consumers.

This narrative of transformation underscores a broader shift in the corporate world: from greenwashing to genuine sustainability. As we continue to hold companies accountable for their environmental impact, we’re witnessing a significant change in how businesses approach their sustainability narratives. This shift is about more than avoiding fines or negative press; it’s about recognising the role businesses play in addressing global environmental challenges and seizing the opportunity to make a positive impact.

To find out more about how Hudson Sandler’s specialist sustainability strategy and communications practice, HS Sustain, can help your business on its sustainability journey contact us at